In part one of our series on tips for buying a used boat, we covered questions such as how you intend to use your boat, how to choose the correct boat and which style of hull you should opt for. In part two we will cover the importance of ensuring your chosen boat is mechanically and structurally sound.
Check That Motor
One of the most important things to do when buying a used boat is to evaluate the condition of the motor. If you're not quite sure what you're looking at, bring along someone who does - older outboards can historically be unreliable and may need expensive maintenance, which can really put a damper on that fun afternoon excursion out onto the water you had planned.
Oftentimes, it may actually be cheaper to buy a used boat with an older hull and immediately re-power it with a new outboard. Along those same lines, you'll definitely want to consider upgrading to a new 4-stroke outboard - within the next few years, new 2-stroke outboards will likely be removed from the market altogether because of the fact that they're less environmentally friendly than their 4-stroke cousins. Making the switch now will just save you time and energy later on.
Trailer - Any dedicated boating aficionado can tell you that you never want to forget to check the roadworthy condition of the trailer when buying a used boat. Make sure that all the bearings are in good condition, that the lights are working and (especially) that it is properly registered. Answering these questions now can save you a lot of trouble later on.
Visual Inspection – Always inspect your prospective purchase.
- Look for corrosion and cracks in wood or metal
- Inspect underneath objects that are sitting in the boat and look for discolouration that can be a sign of neglect
- Check the hull for damage or repaired damage. If it has been repaired, ask for receipts and the history of the damage.
Start That Engine
Finally, make sure you actually start the engine before you purchase to check things out yourself. If you aren’t confident enough to inspect an engine, employ the services of a qualified marine mechanic.
- Does it make excessive noise or vibrate a little too much?
- Is it too rough or, worse yet, does it smoke?
- Check the oil to ensure it is a rich black with no foam film.
- Check for leaks around gaskets and seals as this could indicate expensive future repairs.
- Test the bilge pump operation as it is a vital piece of equipment.
- Dirt and rust are sure signs of neglect around the engine and a sign for you to look elsewhere.
Small issues like too much oil or old fuel can be fixed during your first tune-up. Symptoms like those above however, are likely signs that you have a much bigger (and more expensive) problem waiting beneath the surface that you would do well to avoid altogether.
Don't Forget About Your Maritime Training Course
As always, making sure that your used boat is in quality condition before you purchase is only half the battle - equally important is making sure that you have the skills and training necessary to have the safest time on the water that you can. If you'd like to find out more information about what to look for when buying a used boat, or if you'd like additional assistance when it comes to getting your boat licence and other certifications, please contact Maritime & Safety Training today.